Software developers use various tools to execute various test cases, and with the advancement of technologies, automated tools have also developed. Selenium is one such advanced open-source testing tool that is well-recognized and popular among test automation experts.
Selenium is not a single tool but a collection of tools, each playing different aspects of Selenium automation testing, which makes it the most sought-after tool among businesses. There are selenium online courses that teach from basic to advanced level testing.
By getting certified in Selenium from these online courses, you can improve your prospects of becoming an advanced tester. Here are some of the important Selenium techniques that testers should know for efficient automation:
What is Selenium Automation Testing?
Selenium is one of the most widely used open-source software testing automation tools. It offers a set of testing functionalities to make sure high-quality applications are made. The Selenium suite has multiple tools, including Selenium IDE, Selenium WebDriver, Selenium RC, and Selenium Grid. Selenium Testing. It is especially useful for conducting web interaction testing and regression testing software.
Techniques for efficient Selenium test automation
Different techniques are used for Selenium testing, and most of them are given here:
- TestNG for Test Orchestration
Selenium pairs well with TestNG, which is a powerful testing framework. You can boost the scalability and maintainability of your test suites by using the capabilities of TestNG, including parallel test execution, data-driven testing, and test dependencies. It is simpler to assess test results with TestNG’s strong reporting features.
- Page Object Model (POM) implementation
The Page Object Model (POM) is an essential part of Selenium test automation. The test scripts and the web pages they interact with can be separated using POM to create a modular and maintainable test automation system. You can improve code reuse and maintainability by using the page-specific elements and the activities associated with them.
- Using distributed testing for Harnessing Selenium Grid
Selenium Grid is an important tool used for scalability and parallel execution. It helps in distributing the tests across multiple browsers and machines, which leads to efficient execution of large test suites. With the help of Selenium Grid, you can reduce test execution time in a significant way and increase overall productivity.
- Implementing implicit and explicit waits
In test automation, especially on dynamic web elements, synchronization issues are common. Selenium provides implicit and explicit waits to solve this problem. If the element is not found, the implicit waits allow the driver to wait before throwing an exception. Until specific conditions are met before proceeding with the test, the explicit waits provide more control by allowing you to wait.
- Interating Continuous Integration Tools
To optimize the test automation workflow, the integration of Selenium is used with popular Continuous Integration (CI) tools such as TeamCity, Jenkins, or Bamboo. The CI tools facilitate the automatic triggering of test executions, seamless integration with version control systems, and generation of test reports. This ensures enabling faster feedback cycles, consistent test execution, and improved team collaboration.
- Dynamic Elements with Dynamic Locators
Dynamic elements with changing characteristics are a common feature of web applications. You can find components based on their changing characteristics by using dynamic locators like XPath or CSS selectors. You can handle dynamic elements in your Selenium tests successfully by using techniques such as sibling relationships, partial matches, or element positions.
- Working on multiple Browser Windows and Frames
Multiple browser windows or frames are common in modern web applications, and interaction with them is usually necessary during testing. To conduct operations in the selected context, Selenium offers techniques for switching between windows and frames. For thorough test coverage, it is important to understand how to handle iframes, pop-up windows, and nested frames.
To become a test automation expert, it is important to have a strong understanding of advanced Selenium techniques. To become a Selenium expert, search for selenium training near me on the internet and choose the training provider who suits your requirements and is within your budget.